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What Is Glaucoma?1,3,8

Glaucoma is an eye disease that, without proper treatment, can lead to blindness1,8. One of the most common form of glaucoma occurs when the eye's drainage system becomes clogged with fluid which causes pressure within the eye. Increased pressure damages the optic nerve and can result in vision loss3.

 

Why the Optic Nerve relates to vision loss?

The optic nerve connects your eyes to your brain so that you can see.

 

Types of Glaucoma1

Two main types of glaucoma:-

 

Open-Angle Glaucoma

Open-Angle Glaucoma which accounts for at least 90% of glaucoma cases and is caused by clogging of the drainage canals.

 

Closed-Angle Glaucoma

Angle-Closure or Narrow Angle Glaucoma which causes increased eye pressure resulting in optic nerve damage.

 

Glaucoma and Intraocular Pressure (IOP)3,8

The eye is a globe that is filled with fluid. The amount of fluid within the eye is consistently maintained at a healthy level. If there is overproduction of fluid, or poor overflow, it can cause the pressure within the eye (also known as intraocular pressure or IOP) to rise. Raised pressure within the eye can damage the optic nerve, which may in turn lead to blindness. Therefore, maintaining normal pressure within the eye is important. In some cases, even though your eye pressure is normal, you could still be at risk for glaucoma. Please consult your ophthalmologist regularly.

 
 

Go for regular eye check-up

In some cases, you may still be at risk of glaucoma even if the eye pressure is normal2 and since the beginning stages of glaucoma has no uncomfortable or painful symptoms1, it is therefore important for you to perform regular check-ups with your ophthalmologist and treat the disease early.